The Agricultural Testing Market is increasingly becoming popular and is already a high growth sector in developed countries. Numerous legalizations and regulations relating to environmental safety and growing focus on enhancing agricultural productivity are the major growth factors for the market globally.
Why is there a need for the agricultural testing market?
Deficiency or Excessive Nutrients in Crops
Deficiency of nutrients in crops reduces its yield whether it is vegetables, fruits, cereals or even timber from trees. On the other hand, if the nutrients are in excess it still affects the quality of the harvested crop. Hence, the proper balance of the essential nutrients is necessary. Nutrients like potassium, phosphorus, Sulphur, calcium, and magnesium are required in large quantities while elements like copper, manganese, and boron are needed in smaller quantities.
When there is a balanced use of fertilizer and lime, most of the crops show a profitable response in terms of quality and yield. There are numerous tests offered by research organizations and companies for testing agricultural health like carbon and nitrogen tests, cation analyses of materials used in plants (highlights any deficiency of nutrients in crops), soil analyses, plant analyses, and some companies even offer fertilizer prescription services.
Land contamination can have harmful effects on crop survival, growth, and physiological function. This contamination might be the result of excessive use of pesticides and chemical-based fertilizers or can be due to industrial wastage mixing in the nearby irrigation canal. Researchers investigate the tolerance of trees and plants tolerance to heavy metals, in particular examining their tolerance to elements such as copper, cadmium, lead, and zinc. The researchers visit the site and collect foliage, plant and soil samples for chemical analysis. Depending upon the result of simulations, short-term remedies and long-term plans are suggested.
When plants grow on the metal-contaminated soil they tend to absorb higher levels of metals, which enters the food chain. In this case, plant testing or analyses is important in order to monitor the metal absorption, identify potentially ecotoxicological concentrations that require fully removing the trees or plants.
Major threat by metals
Heavy metals are increasingly contributing to environmental pollution. Metals are released during the extraction of ores for minerals and during their processing. These metals are considered to be highly mobile in the environment and are non-biodegradable in nature. As compared to the organic substances, metals tend to accumulate faster in the environment. They even have the capacity to do toxicological changes in the microbes of soil and could hinder their future activity. Scientists have also warned regarding the accumulation of heavy metals in the tissues of the human body (Via consumption of agricultural produce).
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Testing’s performed related to agriculture:
In soil testing, different types of tests are performed to know characteristics such as pH value, nutrient level and fertility of soil and the presence of any toxic elements.
Environmental soil testing: This test is not only designed to assist farmers but also to assist environmental agencies, municipalities in order to develop a sound soil management program.
This section covers a wide area of testing that is related to drinking water, Irrigation water, and Livestock drinking water.
Farm Food Safety (GAP) Water Testing: This test is related to bacterial testing of irrigation and postharvest processing water for fresh vegetables and fruits production so as to promote good agricultural practices and farm food safety.
Plant tissue analysis: This testing is done in combination with a soil test for diagnosing nutrient deficiencies and to calculate the necessary requirement of fertilizers. Common elements that are analyzed in this tissue analysis include nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, manganese, magnesium, iron, boron, copper, and zinc.
Increasing environmental focus has led to the inclusion of Animal waste management in every farm plan. Animal waste is a good source of nutrients for the soil. A Standard manure Test is recommended to determine the optimum management plan for manure nutrients (Varies from location to location depending on requirements).
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